How We Work
F&D Integra specializes in various types of projects. From large scale commercial buildings, to small residential renovations, we deliver results tailored to our clients’ needs. We work in phases that enrich the final product by considering multiple solutions throughout the design process.

Phase I
The Program

Programming is the foundation of the project. To help you articulate wants, needs and expectations, we ask detailed questions. Time invested here reaps huge results.

An example: if a client hosts large parties as well as intimate dinners, we know it’s best to design a flexible kitchen that accommodates a catering staff or cozy gourmet cooking. If concentration is important to your work, we will design a plan that affords privacy while maintaining important traffic patterns.

Concept Drawings

In this phase, considerations detailed in the program for your project are converted into drawings. We generate multiple concepts and ideas to help you visualize the possibilities.

Design Development

Once a concept has been selected, we expand it into three-dimensional form so you can understand the final results. In this stage, designs are typically expanded to include lighting, cabinetry and other details. If we are providing interior design, that work typically begins in this phase.

Phase II
Construction Documents

These documents detail the project for construction. They illustrate the final dimensions, components and specifics. Because many owners want to obtain pricing from more than one contractor, these documents provide the framework for contractors to bid competitively.

Contractor Selection

If you like, F&D Integra will help you choose a contractor.


During construction, F&D Integra reviews the contractor’s progress, administers the contract, helps answer unresolved issues, and reports to you.


You and the architect make a final list of wrap-up tasks for the contractor to complete your project.

How Fees Are Established
Like most service professionals, architects base fees on the time required by the work. An architect spends work time detailing the way to build a vision.

Typical contracts are based on an hourly fee, a lump sum fee or a combination of the two. We decide together which is most appropriate for your project.

Hourly Fees

Hourly fees typically apply while we work with you to determine the scope of your project and the tasks you need performed. Invoices indicate the number of hours billed.

Lump Sum Fees

When the scope and tasks of the project are clear, we can estimate the number of hours required and develop a lump-sum fee. Payment occurs in pre-established increments. Additional tasks or changes generated by the client are charged as additional time.

As a point of information, F&D Integra billings have historically ranged from 7.5 percent to 12.5 percent of construction value.

Direct Reimbursement

These expenses, incurred on the owner’s behalf are billed monthly and include items such as mileage, telephone charges, printing and copies.

Consultation Fee

For owners who require only a brief consultation or for projects of a very small scope, we offer an advisory service.


Depending on the size and complexity of the project, F&D Integra uses either a standard industry contract or a typical letter agreement. Billing may be monthly, based on the percentage of work performed, or may occur at the conclusion of key phases.


    Meet the Principals Richard Cuebas, AIA/LEED AP BD+C Richard Cuebas is co-founder and Vice-President of Integra Design Group. Being a Principal of Integra, he oversees the Department of Architecture, IT management, IPD management and Sustainable Design. As a leader of Integra’s architecture practices, Richard has directed the design of a wide range of project types, including institutional buildings, residential developments, commercial interiors and urban planning. As a sustainable designer, Richard collaborated as a coach for the Green Jobs Program, a government effort to train employees in sustainability practice. Master in Architecture, Arizona State University, 1997 Bachelor of Science in Environmental Design, University of Puerto Rico, 1995 Licensed Architect, Puerto Rico Licensed Architect, North Carolina Licensed Architect, Florida Small Business Exporter of the Year Award, 2012, Small Business Administration (SBA) John B. Fryday, AIA/ASID/LEED AP John, a North Carolina native, earned a Bachelor of Architecture from UNC Charlotte and a Bachelor of Environmental Design from NC State University. He is one of the few Charlotte architects who is also a certified interior designer. His career path includes five years with Wolf Associates Architects, an internationally recognized firm, and five years with JN Pease Associates, one of Charlotte’s largest firms, where he was Director of Interior Design and later Assistant to the Director of Architecture. He has received credit on projects published in the trade magazines Interiors, Architecture, Casabella (Italy), Architectural Review (Great Britain), and Revista Technica (Italy). Registered Architect in North Carolina Member, American Institute of Architects Member, American Society of Interior Designers Certified, National Council for Interior Design Qualification LEED certified by the US Green Building Council Michael Doyne, AIA/NCARB Michael, a longtime Charlotte resident earned both a Bachelor of Arts and a Bachelor of Architecture at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. Michael worked as a Senior Associate at JN Pease Associates, one of Charlotte’s largest Architecture and Engineering firms. There he was responsible for projects ranging from Duke Power’s Phase II Electric Center and the North Carolina Center for Public Television to the Renovation of the Duke University Eye Center in Durham. As an Associate and Principal at Peterson Associates, Michael directed and designed major hospital projects, including Pardee Memorial, several major projects and a Master Plan for Moses Cone hospital and the award winning Randolph Hospital in Asheboro. Registered Architect in North Carolina and South Carolina Member, American Institute of Architects Certified National Council of Architectural Registration Board